Common Eye Diseases
Diabetic eye disease

Reducing the risk of blindness

Diabetes is one of the fastest growing diseases in India.


What is diabetic eye disease?

Diabetic eye disease refers to a group of eye problems that people with diabetes may develop as a complication. All can cause severe vision loss or even blindness. Diabetic eye disease includes : Cataract, Glaucoma and Diabetic Retinopathy – damage to the blood vessels in the retina.

What is diabetic retinopathy?

Nearly half of all people with diabetes will develop some degree of diabetic retinopathy during their life-time. In patients with diabetic retinopathy the damaged blood vessels leak fluid and lipids on to the macula, it results in a condition known as diabetic maculopathy, an important reason for blurring of vision in diabetic.

When to have eye check-up?

Ideally every diabetic must have a comprehensive eye examination once every year

What is FFA?

This is a diagnostic test done in some diabetics to assess the areas of leakage. It is done as an out patient procedure.

How is retinopathy treated?

There are two treatments for diabetic retinopathy. The two treatments are laser surgery and vitreous surgery.

 

The Cataract Eye

Light from an object is broken up as it passes through a cloudy, discoloured lens, causing the image to be blurred and dull.

Symptoms

An early sign is increasing glare from strong sunlight or bright lights at night. This may become quite bothersome and you may notice halos around different light sources such as car headlights. Your vision will become blurred and hazy, making it difficult to read small print or perform other tasks.

Treatment

Surgery is the only treatment. This involves the removal of the clouded lens and its replacement with a synthetic clear intraocular lens (IOL). The IOL is permanent and provides natural peripheral vision and good depth perception.

 

Glaucoma

What is glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a disease caused by increased intraocular pressure resulting either from a malformation of the eye’s drainage structures. Left untreated, an elevated IOP causes irreversible damage to the optic nerve and retinal fibers resulting in a progressive, permanent loss of vision Glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness, especially for older people.

Who is at risk for glaucoma?

Your ophthalmologist considers many kinds of information to determine your risk for developing the disease. The most important risk factors include:

How is glaucoma treated?

As a rule, damage caused by glaucoma cannot be reversed. Eye drops, laser surgery, and surgery in the operating room are used to help prevent further damage. In some cases, oral medications may also be prescribed. With any type of glaucoma, periodic examinations are very important to prevent vision loss, because glaucoma can progress without your knowledge, adjustments to your treatment may be necessary from time to time.

 

Contact lenses

DO’S
DONT’S

Wash your hands with soap wash before handling your contact lens.

Do not sleep with contact lenses worn on your eye.

Clean , rinse, and disinfect lenses after each wear.

Do not use contact lenses when your eye becomes red, irritated or painful.

Change the solution in the lens case on a daily basis.

Do not use tap or distilled water to clean your contact lenses.

Replace (every 3-6 months) and clean (weekly) the lens case frequently.

Do not use your contact lens beyond the recommended duration.

Wear your lenses before applying make-up and remove them before removing the make-up.

Do not rub your eyes vigorously when you are wearing contact lens.

 

Lasik

Laser Vision Correction

Change the way you see the world

Have you ever been frustrated or given up some sports or activity because of your spectacles.

Perhaps you may have ever been embarrassed by a dropped contact lens and having to put with the inconvenience of blurred vision.

Have you ever wanted to enjoy an improved vision and lifestyle, and possibly free yourself from dependence on spectacles and contact lenses? With Lasik, you can.

What is Lasik?

Lasik (Laser-in-Situ-Keratomilieusis ) is a safe and effective laser vision correction procedure for myopia (short-sightedness), astigmatism and hyperopia (long sightedness), Lasik involves the creation of a thin corneal flap which allows the corneal bed to be exposed. The highly accurate excimer laser is then used to reshape the cornea, correcting refractive errors such as muopia, astigmatism or hyperopia.

What is Femto Lasik ?

Zyoptix is a much mpre advanced and sophisticated form of Lasik. Its highly sophisticated technology allows the surgeon to precisely correct individual visual errors or aberrations in each eye. Each patient therefore receives a treatment that is unique and personalized.

The femto second laser applies laser energy in an extremely short period of time, one trillionth of a second, so no significant heat is generated.

The laser energy used for FEMTO LASER is about a 100 times lower than with other lasers. This is more gentle to the corneal tissue and prevents temporary inflammatory reactions of the eye.

The procedure takes only a few minutes. The time the laser is in contact with the patient’s eye is reduced to a minimum.

 

 

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